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Late Fourteenth Century Medieval, 1350-1400AD





The late Fourteenth Century was the sort of "interesting time" the Chinese curse was designed to inflict on its victim -- constant wars up and down the European continent, plague, economic and social disruption. The main event was the Hundred Years War (as it would come to be called) between the English and French monarchies, but warfare raged in Spain, Italy, Central and Eastern Europe and the Balkans as well. This period is well-known to gamers because it corresponds with the remarkable popular history A Distant Mirror by Barbara Tuchman.

We are focusing on the period from about 1350 to 1400, although some of the models could be used before that and certainly many can be used well into the 15th century (many of the men-at-arms and infantry fighting at Agincourt would still have looked just like this). The period is dominated by the bascinet helmet, which for men-at-arms frequently added the "hounskull" extended visor. It's not known exactly when this distinctive, rather menacing visor was introduced but it is generally said to have been used most commonly between 1350-1400 (or 1360-1400), so there's the chance that it was already being worn as early as the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. It's still seen in some depictions of soldiers well into the 15th century. The most common body protection for both infantry and men-at-arms was the aketon (or gambeson), although the knight would wear extensive metal armour underneath. The power of the English longbow to stop a cavalry charge was well-proven and by this period most men at arms had taken to fighting on foot, at least in Western Europe.

This range will represent the combatants of the period, is steadily growing, and will be extremely comprehensive with many codes.

Please note that the models are larger 15s, similar to the size of Testudo 15mm. The small increase in size leads to much more room for detail and the models clearly show the benefit.

Notes on the figurines:

Most mounted are available on coursers (a large powerful warhorse, quite similar to a destrier but more versatile), which can be armoured, unarmoured, or caparisoned, or on rounceys, which could be slightly smaller horses. Each type of rider (for instance, "men at arms in jupon with lance at 45 degrees") can be chosen with the horses specified. Each type was painted on one type of horse, but to see the other horses, poke around a bit in the codes and you'll see images of them.

Notes on nationalities:

Western Europeans:
English knights are best known as wearing form-fitting cloth jupons in this period, but other types of torso covering were extremely popular as well. Many, particularly the French, wore an aketon over their breastplate for even more protection -- for instance, see the period illustration above. Others wore a long, very loose, flowing garment called a houpelande. All Western knights would have worn a mix of these fashions.

Italians and Spanish:
Italian infantry were much more likely to wear either uncovered chainmail or a brigandine, and a barbute helmet. Because of the convenience of travel and trade between Italy and Spain, Iberian (Spanish, Portuguese, etc) infantry usually dressed and protected themselves the same as Italians. Spanish knights often used light lances and heavy lances individually based on the personal preference of the rider. The light lance was more useful against the light cavalry of the Moors, as it could be thrown. We have provided light lances with the Spanish knights with lance at 45 degrees, and heavy lances with the Spanish knights with lances up, so the gamer may mix them on elements.

Germans:
German style armour was also worn by Eastern Europeans -- such as Serbs and Hungarians (who also wore Italian armour), Poles, Bohemians and so on, and to a certain extent in the Low Countries. The Germans had breastplates "white" (uncovered) more than in the West in this period. They often had older or less extensive protection for their arms and legs, although by the end of the century this was not as often the case regarding their legs. Some wore only a frontplate, strapped on by cross-straps seen in the rear. The Klappviser, often with a short, rounded, visor, was very popular in German style armour.


HIGH COMMAND

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-HIGH-COMM1-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted high command, set 1: two commanders on unarmoured coursers, two trumpeters on rounceys (x4)$6.69
L14THC-HIGH-COMM1-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted high command, set 1: two commanders on armoured coursers, two trumpeters on rounceys (x4)$6.69
L14THC-HIGH-COMM1-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted high command, set 1: two commanders on caparisoned coursers, two trumpeters on rounceys (x4)$6.69


MEN-AT-ARMS ON FOOT IN JUPON

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-FOOT-1HW15mm Late 14th century men-at-arms in jupon, on foot, one handed weapons (x6 in six poses)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-FOOT-2HW15mm Late 14th century men-at-arms in jupon, on foot, two handed weapons (x6 in six poses)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-COMMAND15mm Late 14th century men-at-arms in jupon, on foot, command (x6 in six poses)$4.99


MOUNTED MEN-AT-ARMS IN JUPON

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-LUP-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance up, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-LUP-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance up, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-LUP-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance up, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-LUP-R15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance up, on rounceys (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-L45-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance at 45 degrees, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-L45-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance at 45 degrees, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-L45-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance at 45 degrees, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-L45-R15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance at 45 degrees, on rounceys (x3)$4.99


MOUNTED MEN-AT-ARMS IN HOUPELANDE

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-MAA-HOUP-LUP-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in houpelande, lance up, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99 Future release


MOUNTED SERGEANTS, FOLLOWERS, ETC.

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-SERGEANTS15mm Late 14th century mounted sergeants or mounted crossbowmen (x3 with separate light lances, shields, crossbows, and quivers, enough to make three lancers or three crossbowmen)$4.99


WESTERN EUROPEAN INFANTRYMEN (ENGLISH, FRENCH, LOW COUNTRIES, ETC)

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-MEDIUM-LONGBOWMEN15mm Late 14th century English Longbowmen in some armour (x6 in six poses, with separate arrow batches for each pose)$4.99
L14THC-HEAVY-LONGBOWMEN15mm Late 14th century English Longbowmen in heavy armour (x6 in six poses, with separate arrow batches for each pose)$4.99
L14THC-SCOTTISH-SPEARMEN15mm Late 14th century Scottish spearmen with separate shields (x6 in six poses, with separate shields)$4.99
L14THC-FRENCH-PAVIS15mm Late 14th century French, Gascon, etc. Pavisiers (x6 in six poses with separate pavises and spears)$4.99
L14THC-FRENCH-CROSSBOW15mm Late 14th century French, Genoese, Gascon, etc. Crossbowmen (x6 in six poses)$4.99
L14THC-HANDGUNNERS15mm Late 14th century Handgunners (x6 in three poses)$4.99
L14THC-BIDOWERS15mm Late 14th century Bidowers (Bidets) light javelinmen (x6 in three poses)$4.99
L14THC-RIBAUDS15mm Late 14th century French Ribauds with coutels (x6 in three poses)$4.99
L14THC-PEASANTS15mm Late 14th century Armed European Peasants (x6 in six poses)$4.99

MOUNTED GERMAN AND TEUTONIC KNIGHT MEN-AT-ARMS

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-LUP-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance up, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-LUP-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance up, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-LUP-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance up, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-LUP-R15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance up, on rounceys (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-L45-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance at 45 degrees, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-L45-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance at 45 degrees, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-L45-UC15mm Late 14th century German mounted men-at-arms, lance at 45 degrees, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-L45-R15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance at 45 degrees, on rounceys (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-LUP-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance up, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-LUP-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance up, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-LUP-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance up, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-LUP-R15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance up, on rounceys (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-L45-CC 15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance at 45 degrees, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-L45-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance at 45 degrees, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-L45-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance at 45 degrees, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-L45-R15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance at 45 degrees, on rounceys (x3)$4.99


GERMAN, TEUTONIC, POLISH ETC. INFANTRYMEN AND LESSER MOUNTED

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-TURKOPOLEN15mm Late 14th century Teutonic Knight "Turkopolen" native auxiliary light cavalry with javelins (x3)$4.99
L14THC-GERMAN-CROSSBOWS15mm Late 14th century German etc crossbowmen (x8 in four poses)$6.99
L14THC-GERMAN-SPEARMEN15mm Late 14th century German etc spearmen with pavise style shields (x8 in four poses)$6.99
L14THC-GERMAN-BLADES15mm Late 14th century German etc infantry with blade weapons (x8 in four poses -- axe, halberd, sword, and falchion)$6.99
L14THC-LIV-JAV15mm Late 14th century Livonian, Estonian, or Finnish infantry with javelins and shields (x6 in three poses)$4.99