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Late Fourteenth Century Medieval, 1350-1400AD





The late Fourteenth Century was the sort of "interesting time" the Chinese curse was designed to inflict on its victim -- constant wars up and down the European continent, plague, economic and social disruption. The main event was the Hundred Years War (as it would come to be called) between the English and French monarchies, but warfare raged in Spain, Italy, Central and Eastern Europe and the Balkans as well. This period is well-known to gamers because it corresponds with the remarkable popular history A Distant Mirror by Barbara Tuchman.

We are focusing on the period from about 1350 to 1400, although some of the models could be used before that and certainly many can be used well into the 15th century (many of the men-at-arms and infantry fighting at Agincourt would still have looked just like this). The period is dominated by the bascinet helmet, which for men-at-arms frequently added the "hounskull" extended visor. It's not known exactly when this distinctive, rather menacing visor was introduced but it is generally said to have been used most commonly between 1350-1400 (or 1360-1400), so there's the chance that it was already being worn as early as the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. It's still seen in some depictions of soldiers well into the 15th century. The most common body protection for both infantry and men-at-arms was the aketon (or gambeson), although the knight would wear extensive metal armour underneath. The power of the English longbow to stop a cavalry charge was well-proven and by this period most men at arms had taken to fighting on foot, at least in Western Europe.

This range will represent the combatants of the period, is steadily growing, and will be extremely comprehensive with many codes.

Please note that the models are larger 15s, similar to the size of Testudo 15mm. The small increase in size leads to much more room for detail and the models clearly show the benefit.

Notes on the figurines:

Most mounted are available on coursers (a large powerful warhorse, quite similar to a destrier but more versatile), which can be armoured, unarmoured, or caparisoned, or on rounceys, which could be slightly smaller horses. Each type of rider (for instance, "men at arms in jupon with lance at 45 degrees") can be chosen with the horses specified. Each type was painted on one type of horse, but to see the other horses, poke around a bit in the codes and you'll see images of them.

Notes on nationalities:

Western Europeans:
English knights are best known as wearing form-fitting cloth jupons in this period, but other types of torso covering were extremely popular as well. Many, particularly the French, wore an aketon over their breastplate for even more protection -- for instance, see the period illustration above. Others wore a long, very loose, flowing garment called a houpelande. All Western knights would have worn a mix of these fashions.

Italians and Spanish:
Italian infantry were much more likely to wear either uncovered chainmail or a brigandine, and a barbute helmet. Because of the convenience of travel and trade between Italy and Spain, Iberian (Spanish, Portuguese, etc) infantry usually dressed and protected themselves the same as Italians. Spanish knights often used light lances and heavy lances individually based on the personal preference of the rider. The light lance was more useful against the light cavalry of the Moors, as it could be thrown. We have provided light lances with the Spanish knights with lance at 45 degrees, and heavy lances with the Spanish knights with lances up, so the gamer may mix them on elements.

Germans:
German style armour was also worn by Eastern Europeans -- such as Serbs and Hungarians (who also wore Italian armour), Poles, Bohemians and so on, and to a certain extent in the Low Countries. The Germans had breastplates "white" (uncovered) more than in the West in this period. They often had older or less extensive protection for their arms and legs, although by the end of the century this was not as often the case regarding their legs. Some wore only a frontplate, strapped on by cross-straps seen in the rear. The Klappviser, often with a short, rounded, visor, was very popular in German style armour.


HIGH COMMAND AND PERSONALITIES

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-HIGH-COMM1-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted high command, set 1: two commanders on unarmoured coursers, two trumpeters on rounceys (x4)$6.69
L14THC-HIGH-COMM1-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted high command, set 1: two commanders on armoured coursers, two trumpeters on rounceys (x4)$6.69
L14THC-HIGH-COMM1-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted high command, set 1: two commanders on caparisoned coursers, two trumpeters on rounceys (x4)$6.69
L14THC-ENGLISH-PERSON1-CC15mm Late 14th century English Personalities 1: John of Gaunt, the Black Prince, and the Earl of Stafford, on caparisoned coursers$4.99
L14THC-ENGLISH-PERSON1-UC15mm Late 14th century English Personalities 1: John of Gaunt, the Black Prince, and the Earl of Stafford, on unarmoured coursers$4.99
L14THC-ENGLISH-PERSON1-AC15mm Late 14th century English Personalities 1: John of Gaunt, the Black Prince, and the Earl of Stafford, on armoured coursers$4.99
L14THC-FRENCH-PERSON1-CC15mm Late 14th century French Personalities 1: Bertrand de Guesclin, Olivier de Clisson, and Louis de Sancerre, on caparisoned coursers$4.99
L14THC-FRENCH-PERSON1-UC15mm Late 14th century French Personalities 1: Bertrand de Guesclin, Olivier de Clisson, and Louis de Sancerre, on unarmoured coursers$4.99
L14THC-FRENCH-PERSON1-AC15mm Late 14th century French Personalities 1: Bertrand de Guesclin, Olivier de Clisson, and Louis de Sancerre, on armoured coursers$4.99


MEN-AT-ARMS ON FOOT IN JUPON

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-FOOT-1HW15mm Late 14th century men-at-arms in jupon, on foot, one handed weapons (x6 in six poses)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-FOOT-2HW15mm Late 14th century men-at-arms in jupon, on foot, two handed weapons (x6 in six poses)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-COMMAND15mm Late 14th century men-at-arms in jupon, on foot, command (x6 in six poses)$4.99


MEN-AT-ARMS ON FOOT, IN HOUPELANDE AND AKETON

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-MAA-TYPE2-FOOT-1HW15mm Late 14th century men-at-arms, type 2 (mixed houpelande and aketon), on foot, one handed weapons (x6 in six poses)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TYPE2-FOOT-2HW15mm Late 14th century men-at-arms, type 2 (mixed houpelande and aketon), on foot, two handed weapons (x6 in six poses)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TYPE2-COMMAND15mm Late 14th century men-at-arms, type 2 (mixed houpelande and aketon), on foot, command (x6 in six poses)$4.99


MOUNTED MEN-AT-ARMS IN JUPON

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-LUP-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance up, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-LUP-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance up, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-LUP-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance up, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-LUP-R15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance up, on rounceys (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-L45-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance at 45 degrees, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-L45-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance at 45 degrees, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-L45-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance at 45 degrees, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-JUPON-L45-R15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in jupon, lance at 45 degrees, on rounceys (x3)$4.99


MOUNTED MEN-AT-ARMS IN AKETON

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-MAA-AKE-LUP-CC 15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in aketon, lance up, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-AKE-LUP-AC 15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in aketon, lance up, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-AKE-LUP-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in aketon, lance up, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-AKE-LUP-R15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in aketon, lance up, on rounceys (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-AKE-L45-AC 15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in aketon, lance at 45 degrees, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-AKE-L45-UC 15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in aketon, lance at 45 degrees, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-AKE-L45-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in aketon, lance at 45 degrees, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-AKE-L45-R15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in aketon, lance at 45 degrees, on rounceys (x3)$4.99


MOUNTED MEN-AT-ARMS IN HOUPELANDE

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-MAA-HOUP-LUP-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in houpelande, lance up, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-HOUP-LUP-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in houpelande, lance up, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-HOUP-LUP-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in houpelande, lance up, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-HOUP-LUP-R15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in houpelande, lance up, on rounceys (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-HOUP-L45-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in houpelande, lance at 45 degrees, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-HOUP-L45-AC 15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in houpelande, lance at 45 degrees, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-HOUP-L45-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in houpelande, lance at 45 degrees, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-HOUP-L45-R15mm Late 14th century mounted men-at-arms in houpelande, lance at 45 degrees, on rounceys (x3)$4.99


MOUNTED SERGEANTS, FOLLOWERS, ETC.

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-SERGEANTS15mm Late 14th century mounted sergeants or mounted crossbowmen (x3 with separate light lances, shields, crossbows, and quivers, enough to make three lancers or three crossbowmen)$4.99


WESTERN EUROPEAN INFANTRYMEN (ENGLISH, FRENCH, LOW COUNTRIES, ETC)

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-MEDIUM-LONGBOWMEN15mm Late 14th century English Longbowmen in some armour (x6 in six poses, with separate arrow batches for each pose)$4.99
L14THC-HEAVY-LONGBOWMEN15mm Late 14th century English Longbowmen in heavy armour (x6 in six poses, with separate arrow batches for each pose)$4.99
L14THC-ENGLISH-POLEARM15mm Late 14th century English infantry with bills or guisarmes (x4 in four poses, with separate polearms and shields)$3.49
L14THC-SCOTTISH-SPEARMEN15mm Late 14th century Scottish spearmen with separate shields (x6 in six poses, with separate shields)$4.99
L14THC-LOW-COUNTRIES-SPEARMEN15mm Late 14th century Low Countries spearmen with separate shields (x8 in eight poses, with separate spears and shields)$6.99
L14THC-LOW-COUNTRIES-BOOSTER15mm Late 14th century Low Countries spearmen booster pack -- eight spearmen with spears, shields and PLANCONS (horrible spiked club)$7.99
L14THC-FRENCH-PAVIS15mm Late 14th century French, Gascon, etc. Pavisiers (x6 in six poses with separate pavises and spears)$4.99
L14THC-FRENCH-POLEARM15mm Late 14th century French infantry with French-style polearms (oxtongue, etc) for Brigans or similar (x4 in four poses, with separate polearms and shields)$3.49
L14THC-FRENCH-CROSSBOW15mm Late 14th century French, Genoese, Gascon, etc. Crossbowmen (x6 in six poses)$4.99
L14THC-HANDGUNNERS15mm Late 14th century Handgunners (x6 in three poses)$4.99
L14THC-BIDOWERS15mm Late 14th century Bidowers (Bidets) light javelinmen (x6 in three poses)$4.99
L14THC-RIBAUDS15mm Late 14th century French Ribauds with coutels (x6 in three poses)$4.99
L14THC-PEASANTS15mm Late 14th century Armed European Peasants (x6 in six poses)$4.99


MOUNTED SPANISH KNIGHTS/MILITARY ORDERS

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-SPMAA-L45-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted Spanish knights or brethren, lance at 45 degrees, on unarmoured coursers (x3, supplied with light lances)$4.99
L14THC-SPMAA-L45-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted Spanish knights or brethren, lance at 45 degrees, on armoured coursers (x3, provided with light lances)$4.99
L14THC-SPMAA-L45-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted Spanish knights or brethren, lance at 45 degrees, on caparisoned coursers (x3, supplied with light lances)$4.99
L14THC-SPMAA-L45-R15mm Late 14th century mounted Spanish knights or brethren, lance at 45 degrees, on rounceys (smaller horses) (x3, supplied with light lances)$4.99
L14THC-SPMAA-LUP-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted Spanish knights or brethren, lance up, on unarmoured coursers (x3, supplied with heavy lances)$4.99
L14THC-SPMAA-LUP-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted Spanish knights or brethren, lance up, on armoured coursers (x3, supplied with heavy lances)$4.99
L14THC-SPMAA-LUP-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted Spanish knights or brethren, lance up, on caparisoned coursers (x3, supplied with heavy lances)$4.99
L14THC-SPMAA-LUP-R15mm Late 14th century mounted Spanish knights or brethren, lance up, on rounceys (smaller horses) (x3, supplied with heavy lances)$4.99




MOUNTED ITALIAN ELMETTI/MEN-AT-ARMS

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-ITMAA-PLUMESOne sprue of plumes for Late 14th century Italian elmetti/men-at-arms$1.99
L14THC-ITMAA-L45-ITALBARD15mm Late 14th century mounted Italian elmetti/men-at-arms, lance at 45 degrees, on neo-classical barded coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-ITMAA-L45-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted Italian elmetti/men-at-arms, lance at 45 degrees, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-ITMAA-L45-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted Italian elmetti/men-at-arms, lance at 45 degrees, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-ITMAA-L45-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted Italian elmetti/men-at-arms, lance at 45 degrees, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-ITMAA-L45-R15mm Late 14th century mounted Italian elmetti/men-at-arms, lance at 45 degrees, on rounceys (smaller horses) (x3)$4.99
L14THC-ITMAA-LUP-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted Italian elmetti/men-at-arms, lance up, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-ITMAA-LUP-ITALBARD15mm Late 14th century mounted Italian elmetti/men-at-arms, lance up, on neo-classical barded coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-ITMAA-LUP-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted Italian elmetti/men-at-arms, lance up, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-ITMAA-LUP-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted Italian elmetti/men-at-arms, lance up, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-ITMAA-LUP-R15mm Late 14th century mounted Italian elmetti/men-at-arms, lance up, on rounceys (smaller horses) (x3)$4.99


ITALIAN OR SPANISH LIGHTER CAVALRY AND INFANTRY

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-ARMOURED-JINETES15mm Late 14th century Spanish Jinetes armoured in Western Style (x3)$4.99
L14THC-ITALSPAN-ARMOUR-PAVISE15mm Late 14th century Italian or Spanish Armoured Spearmen with Pavises, defending (x6)$4.99
L14THC-ITALSPAN-JAVELIN-INF15mm Late 14th century Italian or Spanish Javelin Infantry, provided with Spanish, Italian and common type shields (x4)$3.99
L14THC-ITALSPAN-ARMOUR-CROSSB15mm Late 14th century Italian or Spanish Armoured Crossbowmen (x8)$6.99
L14THC-ITALSPAN-LIGHT-CROSSB15mm Late 14th century Italian or Spanish Unarmoured Crossbowmen (x6)$4.99
L14THC-SPAN-SLINGERS15mm Late 14th century Spanish Slingers (x6)$4.99


MOUNTED GERMAN, TEUTONIC, POLISH, HUNGARIAN, SERBIAN, ETC. HIGH COMMAND

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-TEUTONIC-COMMAND-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Order High Command, four senior commanders plus two standardbearers, on caparisoned coursers (x6)$9.99
L14THC-TEUTONIC-COMMAND-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Order High Command, four senior commanders plus two standardbearers, on armoured coursers (x6)$9.99
L14THC-TEUTONIC-COMMAND-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Order High Command, four senior commanders plus two standardbearers, on armoured coursers (x6)$9.99


MOUNTED GERMAN, TEUTONIC, POLISH, HUNGARIAN, SERBIAN, ETC. KNIGHTS

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-LUP-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance up, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-LUP-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance up, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-LUP-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance up, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-LUP-R15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance up, on rounceys (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-L45-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance at 45 degrees, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-L45-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance at 45 degrees, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-L45-UC15mm Late 14th century German mounted men-at-arms, lance at 45 degrees, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-L45-R15mm Late 14th century mounted German men-at-arms, lance at 45 degrees, on rounceys (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-LUP-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance up, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-LUP-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance up, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-LUP-CC15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance up, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-LUP-R15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance up, on rounceys (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-L45-CC 15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance at 45 degrees, on caparisoned coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-L45-AC15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance at 45 degrees, on armoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-L45-UC15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance at 45 degrees, on unarmoured coursers (x3)$4.99
L14THC-MAA-TEUTONIC-L45-R15mm Late 14th century mounted Teutonic Knight Brethren, lance at 45 degrees, on rounceys (x3)$4.99


GERMAN, TEUTONIC, POLISH, HUNGARIAN, SERBIAN, ETC. KNIGHTS ON FOOT

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-MAA-GERMAN-FOOT-MIXED15mm Late 14th century German men-at-arms, on foot, mixed weapons (x6 in six poses)$4.99
L14THC-GERMAN-FOOT-COMMAND15mm Late 14th century German men-at-arms, on foot, command (x6 in six poses)$4.99


TEUTONIC, POLISH, GERMAN, ETC. INFANTRYMEN AND LESSER MOUNTED

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
L14THC-TEUTONIC-KNECHTE15mm Late 14th century Teutonic Order Knechte or sergeant cavalry (x3 in three poses, with spears and shields for sergeants, and crossbows for Knechte, to be built as preferred)$4.99
L14THC-TURKOPOLEN15mm Late 14th century Teutonic Knight "Turkopolen" native auxiliary light cavalry with javelins (x3)$4.49
L14THC-TEUTONIC-CROSSBOWS15mm Late 14th century Teutonic Order Dienstleute crossbowmen in surcoats (x8 in four poses)$6.99
L14THC-TEUTONIC-SPEARMEN15mm Late 14th century Teutonic Order Dienstleute spearmen with pavise style shields (x8 in four poses)$6.99
L14THC-TEUTONIC-LEVY15mm Late 14th century Teutonic Order Prussian Levy Infantry (x6 in three poses)$4.99
L14THC-LIV-INF15mm Late 14th century Livonian, Estonian, or Finnish infantry with javelins and shields (x6 in three poses)$4.99
L14THC-POLISH-CZELADZ15mm Late 14th century Polish Czeladz (follower cavalry) (x3 in three poses, with spears, crossbows and shields for all, to be built as preferred)$4.99
L14THC-LITHUANIAN-CAVALRY15mm Late 14th century Lithuanian Cavalry (x6 in six poses, on steppe ponies, with separate spears)$9.99
L14THC-TARTARS15mm Late 14th century Tartar Light Cavalry (x6 in six poses, on steppe ponies)$9.99
L14THC-POLISH-CROSSBOWMEN15mm Late 14th century Polish Heavy Infantry Crossbowmen (x8 in four poses)$6.99
L14THC-POLISH-RUSTICS15mm Late 14th century Polish 'Murderous Rustics' Peasant Infantry with Two Handed Weapons (x6 in three poses)$4.99
L14THC-GERMAN-CROSSBOWS15mm Late 14th century German, Polish, Hungarian, Colonist, etc crossbowmen (x8 in four poses)$6.99
L14THC-GERMAN-SPEARMEN15mm Late 14th century German, Polish, Hungarian, Colonist, etc spearmen with pavise style shields (x8 in four poses)$6.99
L14THC-GERMAN-BLADES15mm Late 14th century German, Polish, Hungarian, Colonist, etc infantry with blade weapons (x8 in four poses -- axe, halberd, sword, and falchion)$6.99


HUNGARIANS (for men-at-arms, use Germans and Italians)

CodeContentsPrice (US$)Order/Progress
CUMAN-LC15mm Late 12th-14th century Cuman Light Cavalry (x6 in three poses, including two posable breakwaist poses)$8.99
SZEKELY-CAVALRY15mm Late 12th-15th century Szekely Light Cavalry (x6 in three poses, including one posable breakwaist pose)$8.99
HUNGARIAN-LIGHT-CAVALRY15mm Late 12th-14th century Hungarian Light Cavalry (x6 in three poses, including one posable breakwaist pose)$8.99
HUNGARIAN-INF-ARCHERS15mm Late 14th century Hungarian Infantry Archers (x6 in three poses)$4.99